backPowrót do 1/2016
Technical Issues
1/2016 pp. 74-81

Antybiotykooporność mikroorganizmów w systemach oczyszczania ścieków

pdf Pobierz pełny tekst pdf


Antibiotic resistance of microorganisms is a phenomenon widely reviewed in literature that could lead to the outbreak of diseases difficult to control by available pharmaceuticals, or even an epidemic. Wastewater treatment plants act as specific reservoirs of resistance, as contained in the wastewater antibiotics, antibiotic resistance bacteria and antibiotic resistance genes could lead to the phenomenon of spread of resistance - inside wastewater treatment plant, but also among strains that dwell in the environment, after the discharge of inadequately treated wastewater to the receiver. Technological systems in working treatment plants do not stop sufficiently the transfer of determinants of resistance to the environment, or do not provide the effective disposal. Therefore, it is necessary to look for new solutions or methods for wastewater treatment and monitoring of treated sewage, sludge and atmospheric air around treatment plants in the aspect of antibiotic resistance.

Słowa kluczowe

spread of resistance, sludge and bioaerosol in wastewater treatment plants, reservoirs of resistance


1. Aydin, S., Ince, B., Ince, O., Development of antibiotic resistance genes in microbial communities during long-term operation of anaerobic reactors in the treatment of pharmaceutical wastewater, Water Research, 2015, 83, pp. 337-344.

2. Brown, T.A., Genomy, PWN, Warszawa, 2013.

3. Bondarczuk, K., Markowicz, A., Piotrowska-Seget, Z., The urgent need for risk assessment on the antibiotic resistance spread via sewage sludge land application, Environment International, 2016, 87, pp. 49-55.

4. Bouki, C., Venieri, D., Diamadopoulos, E., Detection and fate of antibiotic resistant bacteria in wastewater treatment plants: A review, Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 2013, 91, pp. 1-9.

5. Byarugaba, D.K., Mechanisms of Antimicrobial Resistance, [In:] Antimicrobial Resistance in Developing Countries, Springer, New York, 2010, pp. 15-26.

6. Devarajan, N., Laffite, A., Mulaji, C.K., Otamonga, J.-P., Mpiana, P.T., Mubedi, J.I., Prabakar, K., Ibelings, B.W., Poté, J., Occurrence of Antibiotic Resistance Genes and Bacterial Markers in a Tropical River Receiving Hospital and Urban Wastewaters, PLoS ONE, 2016, 11(2), pp. 1-14.

8. Du, J., Geng, J., Ren, H., Diang, L., Xu, K., Zhang, Y., 2015. Variation of antibiotic resistance genes in municipal wastewater treatment plant with A2O-MBR system, Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2015, 22(5), pp. 3715-3726.

9. Emami, S., Nikokar, I., Ghasemi, Y., Ebrahimpour, M., Ebrahim-Saraie, H.S., Araghian, A., Faezi, S., Farahbakhsh, M., Rajabi, A., Antibiotic Resistance Pattern and Distribution of pslA Gene Among Biofilm Producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa Isolated From Waste Water of a Burn Center, Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology, 2015, 8(11), pp. 1-5.

10. Huang, J.J., Hu, H.Y., Lu, S.Q., Li, Y., Tang, F., Lu, Y., Wei, B., Monitoring and evaluation of antibiotic-resistant bacteria at a municipal wastewater treatment plant in China, Environment International, 2012, 42, pp. 31-36.

11. Huang, J.J., Hu, H.Y., Tang, F., Li, Y., Lu, S.Q., Lu, Y., Inactivation and reactivation of antibiotic-resistant bacteria by chlorination in secondary effluents of a municipal wastewater treatment plant, Water Research, 2011, 45, pp. 2775-2781.

12. Korzeniewska, E., Korzeniewska, A., Harnisz, M., Antibiotic resistant Escherichia coli in hospital and municipal sewage and their emission to the environment, Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 2013, 91, pp. 96-102.

13. Li, J., Cheng, W., Xu, L., Jiao, Y., Baig, S.A., Chen, H., Occurrence and removal of antibiotics and the corresponding resistance genes in wastewater treatment plants: effluents’influence to downstream water environment, Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2015, In Press (DOI: 10.1007/s11356-015-5916-2), pp. 1-10.

14. Li, J., Zhou, L., Zhang, X., Xu, C., Dong, L., Yao, M., Bioaerosol emissions and detection of airborne antibiotic resistance genes from a wastewater treatment plant, Atmospheric Environment, 2016, 124, pp. 404-412.

15. Mao, D., Yu, S., Rysz, M., Luo, Y., Yang, F., Li, F., Hou, J., Mu, Q., Alvarez, P.J.J., Prevalence and proliferation of antibiotic resistance genes in two municipal wastewater treatment plants, Water Research, 2015, 85, pp. 458-466.

16. Markiewicz, Z., Kwiatkowski, Z.A., Bakterie, antybiotyki, lekooporność, PWN, Warszawa, 2008.

17. McKinney, C.W., Pruden, A., Ultraviolet Disinfection of Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria and Their Antibiotic Resistance Genes in Water and Wastewater, Environmental Science and Technology, 2012, 46(24), pp. 13393-13400.

18. Michael, I., Rizzo, L., McArdell, C.S., Manaia, C.M., Merlin, C., Schwartz, T., Dagot, C., Fatta-Kassinos D., Urban wastewater treatment plants as hotspots for the release of antibiotics in the environment: A review, Water Research, 2013, 47, pp. 957-995.

19. Novo, A., André, S., Viana, P., Nunes, O.C., Manaia, C.M., Antibiotic resistance, antimicrobial residues and bacterial community composition in urban wastewater, Water Research, 2013, 47, pp. 1875-1887.

20. Varela, A.R., Nunes, O.C., Manaia, C.M., Quinolone resistant Aeromonas spp. as carriers and potential tracers of acquired antibiotic resistance in hospital and municipal wastewater, Science of the Total Environment, 2016, 542, pp. 665-671.

21. Xu, J., Xu, Y., Wang, H., Guo, C., Qiu, H., He, Y., Zhang, Y., Li, X., Meng, W., Occurrence of antibiotics and antibiotic resistance genes in a sewage treatment plant and its effluent-receiving river, Chemosphere, 2015, 119, pp. 1379-1385.

22. Zhou, L.-J., Ying, G.-G., Liu, S., Zhao, J.-L., Yang, B., Chen, Z.-F., Lai, H.-J., 2013. Occurrence and fate of eleven classes of antibiotics in two typical wastewater treatment plants in South China, Science of the Total Environment, 2013, 452-453, pp. 365-376.

23. Ziembińska-Buczyńska, A., Felis, E., Folkert, J., Meresta, A., Stawicka, D., Gnida, A., Surmacz-Górska, J., Detection of antibiotic resistance genes in wastewater treatment plant – molecular and classical approach, Archives of Environmental Protection, 2015, 41(4), pp. 23-32.